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Types of Cybersecurity

Charlie Wilson


Cybersecurity Defined


Cybersecurity is the application of defending computers, devices, and network programs from breaches, cyberattacks, and unauthorized access by malicious attacks. The practice of protecting information encompasses the principles of ensuring its integrity, confidentiality, and availability (ICA).  Now that you have a clear understanding of cybersecurity definition, in this blog, we’ll explore the various types of cybersecurity.


Ten Different Types of Cybersecurity


Cybersecurity can be categorized into ten distinct types:


Application security


Application security protects usages of applications and connected data and unauthorized access from cyber-attacks. It includes designing the application, development, deployment, testing the code, identifying vulnerabilities, and verifying that the application is free from security flaws. 


Application security is the subset of web application security that assists in protecting the web application from cyber attacks.


Cloud Security


Cloud security is focused on protecting the cloud-based assets and systems hosted on cloud platforms, and ensuring data protection, appropriate access controls, and compliance. It uses various cloud service providers such as AWS, Google Cloud, Azure, etc., to prevent attacks by exposing cloud vulnerabilities. 


Critical Infrastructure security


Special security processes and types of cybersecurity solutions are used to protect the networks, applications, systems, and digital assets depended on by critical infrastructure organizations (eg: food and agriculture industries, transportation systems, and the public sector).


Critical infrastructure remains particularly susceptible to cyberattacks aimed at legacy systems like SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) systems. While these organizations employ similar cybersecurity measures as other sectors, their deployment often varies significantly


Data security


Focuses on protecting digital information from unauthorized access, such as files, data stored in databases, or other repositories. Data security ensures the integrity, confidentiality, and availability of data by protecting it from unauthorized access, modification, disclosure, or destruction. It involves various security measures such as access control, encryption, and backups. 


Endpoint security


Endpoint security refers to protecting individual devices such as smartphones, desktops, laptops, and IoT devices. Endpoint security shields these devices and the data they house. It also enclosed other types of cybersecurity that are used to protect networks from cyberattacks that use endpoints as the point of entry.


IoT(Internet of Things) security


The Internet of Things (IoT) is connecting billions of devices, such as smartphones, smart homes, and wearable to share data with each other. It uses various cybersecurity to detect and classify threats, segmenting them to minimize network exposure, and actively addressing threats related to unpatched firmware and related flaws.


Mobile security


It refers to securing the personal and organizational data stored on mobile devices (eg., phones, tablets, and laptops)  from various malicious threats. 


Network security


Network security is the practice of securing a computer network from unauthorized access, data breaches, or attacks. It includes the use of firewalls, intrusion detection systems (IDS) and prevention systems, and virtual private networks (VPNs). The major goal of network security is to protect a network’s infrastructure, including servers, hubs, routers, switches, and other network devices. The primary cyber attack starts over a network. Network cybersecurity is designed to monitor, detect, and respond to network-based threats. 


Operational security


Operational security covers a wide range of cybersecurity processes and technologies designed to protect sensitive systems and data. This includes establishing access protocols and monitoring systems to detect unusual activities that may indicate malicious activity. 


Zero trust


The zero trust security model is perimeter-focused, building walls around an organization’s valuable assets like a castle. There are various defining characteristics of the zero-trust approach, which utilizes various cybersecurity measures.

Why choose Osiz?


Cybersecurity is essential in today’s digital era, where cybersecurity plays a major role due to the increasing sophistication and frequency of cyber threats. The 10 types of cybersecurity measures discussed in this blog – network security, application security, data security, cloud security, IoT security, and identity and access management – can help protect organizations, businesses, and individuals from cyber attacks. Osiz is a leading cybersecurity company, that delivers comprehensive cybersecurity to protect your data. Our global network of leading cybersecurity expert teams will adapt to all stages of security projects.